FM Federated States of Micronesia;
Au. Ext. Terr. =
Australian External Territories [✻]
(NF Norfolk Island,
plus Australian bases in Antarctica).
What does the plus sign (+) mean?
The international standard format for writing telephone numbers is
+ Country City Number.
+1 202 456 1111(Washington, DC, USA) or
+44 20 7222 1234(London, England, UK) or
+678 23499(Vanuatu, no city code).
The plus symbol indicates
insert your international dialing prefix here.
For the U.S. and Canada, it’s 011. For most of Europe, it’s 00.
There are several other prefixes used in various countries around the world.
Most mobile phones, especially GSM phones, allow you to store numbers in full
international format starting with the plus symbol; the network automatically
substitutes the correct prefix for you.
Many countries write domestic telephone numbers including the
trunk digit ‘0’ with the city code.
In most cases, you must drop the ‘0’
when dialing internationally. For instance, London
(020) 7222 1234
+44 20 7222 1234.
However, Italy and a few other countries require you to dial the ‘0’.
For instance, Rome
+39 06 47613317.
Transnational Telephone Codes
Transnational Telephone Codes
The North American Numbering Plan, country code
includes the following countries and territories:
AGAntigua & Barbuda(+1 268),
DODominican Republic(+1 809 and
+1 829 and
and +1 658),KNSaint Kitts & Nevis
Commonwealth of the Northern
PRPuerto Rico(+1 787 and
TCTurks & Caicos Islands
TTTrinidad & Tobago
VCSaint Vincent & the Grenadines
VGBritish Virgin Islands
VIUS Virgin Islands
From the U.S. and Canada, dial
1 + xxx + xxx-xxxx
(1, then the area code, then the local number)
for these countries.
was originally designed to be a unified numbering scheme for
+212 MA Morocco,
+213 DZ Algeria,
+216 TN Tunisia,
+218 LY Libya.
Each country had reserved two or three of the
However, only the codes shown here are actually in use.
In 2011, country code
was assigned to the new nation of
SS South Sudan;
are unassigned, and no longer reserved for North Africa.
Country code +388
was assigned for the
“European Telephone Numbering Space.”
The intent was to allow companies, primarily within the European Union,
to have a single number with a European identity, rather than separate
national numbers in the various countries in which they do business.
However, due to lack of demand, the project was discontinued in 2009,
code has been available for reassignment since 2011.
Universal International Freephone Numbers
These numbers are toll-free from any country that participates in the
UIFN scheme and
from which the number’s owner elects to receive calls.
The numbers are not the same as
numbers in North America or
0800 or 1800 or similar numbers in other countries.
is used for international shared-cost services(UISCN).
The caller pays a charge typically comparable
to a domestic long-distance call,
with the called party paying the remainder.
Country code +870
is used for
Inmarsat satellite service,
have been discontinued in favor of the single code
are designated for
future mobile maritime satellite services.
Country code +878
is used for
Universal Personal Telecommunications(UPT)
— a global “follow-me” number along the lines of the original
within the United States or a British
number. The subcode
is assigned to
which is to date the only provider that has
applied for numbering resources in
Country code (+879)
is designated for unspecified future
“national non-commercial purposes.”
Country code +881 is used for global
satellite mobile phones,
with the next digit identifying the operator:
0 or 1 is reserved for ICO Global Communications/Pendrell;
2 or 3 is Ellipso;
6 or 7 is Iridium; and
8 or 9 is Globalstar.
is used for international networks,
with the next two digits identifying the carrier.
See the table below.
Carriers marked with an asterisk (✻)
provide regional satellite mobile phones.
Country code +883
is designated for “international networks,”
with the next 3 or 4 digits identifying the company.
See the table below.
was assigned to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of
for disaster relief activities. Numbers within
were assigned temporary and could be reassigned for a
future disaster relief effort. All numbers had 11 digits
following country code
However, the assignment of country code
has been withdrawn, leaving it available for reassignment.
+979 is for
adult-oriented premium numbers,
billed at whatever rates the providers choose.
Beware any number advertised as
00 979 or
Country code (+991)
is assigned to a trial of a
proposed International Telecommunication
Public Correspondence Service
whatever that means.
Country code (+999)
is reserved for an unspecified
future global service.
Telephone country code+882
Networks within telephone country code +882
BT Global Office
MCI Hyperstream Int’l
✻ Thuraya •
Cable & Wireless Global
Deutsche Telekom Next Gen.
AT&T Cingular Wireless
epic (Vodafone) Malta
Athalos Global Services
Smart Communications Inc.
✻ = regional satellite telephones)
Telephone country code+883
Networks within telephone country code +883
Telenor Connexion AB
One Network BV
DCN Hub ehf
Com4 Sweden AB
Beezz Comm. Solutions
Tele2 Sverige AB
Afinna One Srl
Telecom Italia Sparkle
A1 Telekom Austria AG
Telefónica Móviles España
Telefónica Germany GmbH
BJT Partners SAS
MTX Connect Ltd.
began the process of separating from the +7 country code
it shares with Russia, effective
For 2023 and 2024, you may use either +7 or the new code, +997.
you must use +997.
жылдан бастап күшіне енетін +7 (Ресеймен ортақ) кодынан бөлінетінін мәлімдеді.
2023 және 2024 жылдар үшін сіз ағымдағы +7 кодын
немесе жаңа +997 кодын пайдалана аласыз.
жылдан бастап +997 қолдану керек.
Every telephone number in CI Cote d’Ivoire changed on
for full details, go to
Chaque numéro téléphonique en
CI Côte d’Ivoire changea le
pour tous les détails, voir
In 2023, Nigeria changed all landline
area codes, adding the prefix 20 before the old area code. For example,
Abuja +234 9 became
The old and new numbers will operate in parallel (permissive dialing)
through the end of 2023; as of
you must use the new number.
Non-geographic numbers and mobile phones were not affected.
Country code +242 is
CGRepublic of Congo
(République du Congo),
including the capital, Brazzaville.
is the smaller nation to the northwest of
Democratic Republic of Congo.
is CDDemocratic Republic of Congo
(République Démocratique du Congo),
including the capital, Kinshasa.
CD D.R. Congo,
formerly known as Zaire, is the much larger nation to the southeast of
CG Republic of Congo.
SS South Sudan
split from Sudan, forming a new nation. Telephone country code
is now in effect for South Sudan.
The new ISO
code and Internet domain
has been activated.
French Indian Ocean:Major change!
The French overseas departmental collectivity of
has separated telephonically from
(a separate independent nation) under
YTMayotte shares the
code currently used by
which is an overseas département of France.
Existing Mayotte landline numbers of the form
+269 xx xx xx
+262 269 xx xx xx;
mobile numbers of the form
+269 xx xx xx
+262 639 xx xx xx.
Existing numbers in Réunion and the Comoros are not affected.
(Renseignements en français
changed its name to
(the Kingdom of) Eswatini,
retaining the ISO code/Internet domain SZ and the
telephone country code
also known as
has country code
Although the +2 zone is primarily for Africa, ITU policy allows
countries or territories in regions with no codes available
(such as the +5 zone where Greenland is located)
to use spare codes from other regions.
were allocated under the same rule. Even though the
zone for Europe now has spare codes available,
there is no plan to move
the Faroe Islands
to a more European code.
has been assigned country code
but has apparently made no progress towards implementing it.
Until further notice, continue to dial the Vatican City using
Italy’s country code
+39 06 698 xxxxx.
However, the .va Internet domain
is now in use for official websites.
YUYugoslavia split up, with
BABosnia and Herzegovina,
receiving separate country codes.
Kosovo declared independence from Serbia on
Although Serbia still claims Kosovo as an autonomous province,
Kosovo is recognized by more than half the member nations of
the United Nations.
The ITU has assigned telephone country code
for Kosovo, and it is mostly operational, replacing numbering ranges in
+381 (RS Serbia),
+377 (MC Monaco),
+386 (SI Slovenia),
that were used on an interim basis.
Simply replace the interim country code with the new
the remainder of the number is unchanged. Because of its disputed
status, Kosovo has not yet been assigned an
code; XK (officially a “user-assigned” code) is used
on an interim basis for some purposes, but not for an Internet
top-level domain. KV is available for assignment, but probably
not until the status of Kosovo is officially resolved.
Telephone country code +380
was assigned to Ukraine, and other spare
may be assigned elsewhere in Europe.
MK Republic of
was known initially as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
or simply as the Republic of Macedonia, to reduce confusion with
the adjacent region in
it is now known as North Macedonia, to eliminate any ambiguity.
for UKUnited Kingdom
also includes the British crown dependencies of
(+44 1481 landlines;
+44 7781 or
+44 7839 or
+44 7911 mobiles),
IMIsle of Man
(+44 1624 landlines;
+44 7524 or
+44 7624 or
+44 7924 mobiles), and
(+44 1534 landlines;
+44 7509 or
+44 7700 or
+44 7797 or
+44 7829 mobiles).
Mobiles in the UK are in the range
+44 74xx through
previously required that calls to mobiles insert the prefix ‘1’
between the country code
and the area code.
For example, a landline in Guadalajara was
+52 33 xxxx xxxx,
but a mobile from Guadalajara was
+52 1 33 xxxx xxxx.
the prefix 1 is no longer be necessary.
Mexico eliminated area codes, per se, combining the
former area code and local number into a uniform 10-digit
All calls within Mexico are dialed as 10 digits with no prefix.
For more information, see mexico-2019.html.
MX México anteriormente requería que
las llamadas a móviles inserar el prefijo ‘1’
entre el código del país
y la clave LADA (el indicativo regional).
Por ejemplo, para llamar a un teléfono fijo a Guadalajara, se marcaba
+52 33 xxxx xxxx,
pero para llamar a un móvil guadalajarense, se marcaba
+52 1 33 xxxx xxxx.
Sin embargo, a partir del
ya no se necesita el prefijo 1.
México eliminó las claves LADA, per se, en combinando
la clave anterior y el número local en un nuevo número nacional
de 10 dígitos (2+8 o 3+7).
Todas las llamadas dentro de México se marcan como 10 dígitos
sin ningún prefijo. Para más detalles, consultar
covers the French Caribbean islands of Guadeloupe, Marie-Galante,
La Désirade, and Les Saintes. The islands of
have separated politically from Guadeloupe, but continue to use
for the time being.
SX Sint Maarten:
The Dutch side of the Caribbean island of Saint Martin changed from
+599 5 to
+1 721 5.
The change was originally to take effect
but was postponed to
At present, all 7-digit local numbers in Sint Maarten begin
with the number ‘5’; all former numbers beginning with
must now be dialed using North American area code
but other numbers in
are not affected.
The French side of Saint-Martin remains in
and the other islands of the former
AN Netherlands Antilles
remain in +599.
Other changes are underway with the dissolution of
as a political entity.
left the N.A. on
to form a separate constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands;
SXSint Maarten did the same on
on which date
the BES islands
Sint Eustasius, and
became municipalities in the province of Noord-Holland.
The new ISO
is not yet in use for the Internet, but may be activated
in the future.
Internet domain has been discontinued as of
is activated, use
for the BES islands.
were previously used for
MP the Commonwealth
of the Northern Mariana Islands(CNMI; includes Saipan and Tinian) and
which have now joined the North American Numbering Plan
(country code +1).
You must now use
for CNMI and
(The new North American area codes match the previous international country codes.)
Country code +670
is now in use by
TLTimor-Leste (East Timor),
which declared its independence from
after two decades of occupation.
All landline numbers in Timor-Leste are 7 digits with no
city code or area code. Effective
7-digit mobile numbers beginning with
add an additional 7 to the beginning of the subscriber number;
New mobile numbers in the range
have also been added.
Australian External Territories,
NF Norfolk Island
and the Australian bases in Antarctica. It once included
CC Cocos Islands
(+61 8 9162) and
CX Christmas Island
(+61 8 9164),
but those territories have been integrated into
with AU Australia,
with numbers of the form
+61 8 916X XXXX.
In 2005, ASAmerican Samoa,
a U.S. territory in the Pacific Ocean, moved from
(From North America,
Country code +684
is now available for reassignment.
(Please note that the change for American Samoa did not affect
the Independent State of Samoa,
formerly known as Western Samoa, which retains country code
New country codes
have been assigned for several European microstates in the
and for several Asian former Soviet republics in the
but that is changing. Effective
(mandatory), Kazakhstan uses
VN Vietnam changed 98% of all telephone numbers
in 2017 and 2018. Details (in Vietnamese, English, and French) are
available on the
Vietnam 2018 page.
98% số điện thoại ở Việt Nam đã thay đổi trong năm 2017 và 2018:
Au Vietnam, 98% des numéros de téléphone
ont changé en 2017 et 2018:
Italy, and possibly other countries,
formerly used country code
(officially unassigned) for
(+1 809 &
+1 829 &
(+1 787 &
+1 939), and
VIU.S. Virgin Islands
Country code +854
was also used for AIAnguilla
(+1 246), and
However, the correct codes are as shown above.
All other countries or territories formerly in
(in the Caribbean region)
now have their own unique area codes within country code
is sometimes erroneously referred to as
“country code 809” — but in fact it is country code 1;
city codes 809, 829, and 849. Country code
is officially recognized by the ITU as a part of
the People’s Republic of China.
The country code
is designated as “Taiwan, China,”
as opposed to the designation of
as “China (People’s Republic of).”
However, calls to Taiwan — including calls originating
from the People’s Republic of China, Hong Kong, or Macau —
are routed using country code
as shown in the table above.
numbering space in China’s numbering plan was previously
reserved for Taiwan, although China has now released those numbers
for assignment on the mainland.)
was politically united with the PRC on
all indications are that China has no plans to change the
numbering for Hong Kong in the foreseeable future.
was united with the PRC on
but also retains its separate country code.
has been implemented for the areas controlled by
the Palestinian Authority
in the West Bank and Gaza. Details remain sketchy.
For the foreseeable future, areas controlled by the Palestinian Authority
may be dialed by simply substituting
+970 for the
Israeli code +972,
using the same city code and local number. At some point in the future,
the Palestinians may undertake a renumbering of codes under
وقد تم تنفيذ
مرحلة ما في
The name of each country or territory is preceded by its
two-letter country code. In most cases, this two-letter code corresponds
to the national top-level Internet domain; for example, Turkey has the
Thus, you can find both the telephone country code and the e-mail country
code here. Note that a few of the
ISO country codes are
not yet in use for the Internet:
EH Western Sahara,
PM Saint Pierre & Miquelon,
WF Wallis & Futuna Islands,
Russia continues to use
for some websites, more than 30 years after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Also, for purposes other than the Internet, the
ISO code of
for Great Britain is used for the United Kingdom.
(For example, GBP
is the currency code for British pounds.)
There are now more than a thousand other Internet top-level domains.
Here are just a few of those not listed above:
.gov: government (USA only)
.mil: military (USA only)
.edu: educational (mostly USA)
.int: international treaty organizations
.arpa: special network functions, rDNS
.eu: European Union
.aq: Antarctica and the Southern Ocean
.gs: South Georgia
and the South Sandwich Islands
.hm: Heard Island and McDonald Islands
.pn: Pitcairn Islands
.tf: French Southern & Antarctic Lands
.asia: Asia/Pacific region
.arab: Arab League states
Catalan language and culture
(per la llengua i la cultura catalá)
the city of Tokyo, Japan
Basque language and culture
.pro: licensed professionals
.aero: air transport industry
.info: informational web sites
.jobs: employment-related sites
.mobi: sites for mobile devices
.tel: Internet telephony
.travel: travel and tourism
explicit adult content
Internationalized Domain Names
Internationalized Domain Names:
More than 40 countries have been assigned
in addition to those shown above, including domain names in
other alphabets or character sets. Domains shown below with a
[ yellow ] background are
(proposed), or are in extremely limited use. Domains shown with a
[ gray ] background have
been approved, but do not yet have any domains at all.
There are also more than 100 general domain names in non-ASCII
character sets, including domains for specific companies or
organizations, cities or regions, and translations of